What are Agave Spirits?
You don't need to be a Margarita fanatic to know that sales of Tequila have been booming, but Mezcal’s brand awareness has also risen in recent years. In fact, there are nearly a dozen different varieties of agave-based spirits available today. While we won’t go into them all, we should better define the category.
The easiest way to understand agave spirits is to liken them to wine. They are a broad category, full of different varietals. Most different agave spirits are region-based, produced from the southern state of Oaxaca to the northernmost part of Sonora. Many agave spirits have legally protected appellations of origin, with rules to regulate production methods.
Tequila and Mezcal are undoubtedly the most popular agave spirits. But Tequila is a type of Mezcal, similar to how Bourbon is a type of Whiskey. And much like other premium spirits, there is a huge range of agave-based spirits. Some are designed for sipping neat, while others lend well to mixing in cocktails. But across the board, the category is on the rise.
The Agave Boom By the Numbers
Anyone in the industry could tell you that agave is on the rise, at least anecdotally. But the numbers really bring it home: Tequila and Mezcal sales reached a record $6 billion in the U.S. in 2022 (an increase of 17.2 percent), according to the Distilled Spirits Council of the United States (DISCUS) annual economic briefing.
Tequila is just one part of the market, though. Other research by the same group shows that Mezcal as a whole is one of the fastest-growing products in the United States. Mezcal sales increased by 15.9 percent in volume in 2020 over 2019. Sales are also forecasted to grow 49.2 percent by volume between now and 2025.
What Is Driving Agave Spirits Popularity?
Whenever we see growth like that of Mezcal, we always have to wonder: why?
As usual, there are a few reasons. One is simply the increasing cultural sharing between Mexico and the United States. As this exchange widens, we have seen an increase in the popularity of high-quality Mexican ingredients, foods and beverages. Mezcal is just one example of this phenomenon.
Additionally, agave-based spirits are just plain delicious. Mezcal is known to be very smokey, but within that flavor, there are all types of variations. There are Mezcals that are light and citrusy, while there are others still that provide a robust, deep flavor more akin to a Whiskey. No matter what your palate prefers, there’s probably a Mezcal, Tequila, or agave-based spirit to suit your needs.
But the biggest reason for the category's stratospheric growth is the growing consumer demand for premium and ultra-premium spirits, particularly agave-based spirits. In 2021, agave-based spirits were the country’s third-largest spirits category, behind only Vodka and Whiskey, according to the culture website, The Manual, adding that consumption of Tequila alone in the U.S. has risen by more than 30 percent between 2015 and 2020, with premium products up by over 60 percent. But the real driver is Tequila’s ultra-premium segment has the highest rates of forecasted expansion, with a predicted compound annual growth rate (CAGR) in volume and value of over 14 percent from 2019 to 2024.
Agave Benefits from Celebrity Endorsements
For better or for worse, agave's surge in popularity can also be attributed to star power. Over the past few years, we’ve seen several high-profile celebrities debut their own Tequila and Mezcal brands. The Rock, Bryan Cranston, Kendall Jenner, and George Clooney have all put out agave-based spirits — to admittedly differing receptions.
Some celebrity-backed brands seem to exist solely off the name of their celebrity founders. Kendall Jenner’s brand had significant pushback for that reason, along with accusations of cultural appropriation. Others champion a more authentic approach. Bryan Cranston and partner Aaron Paul, often talk about their trips to the agave fields of Mexico.
No matter where you land on the issue, there’s no doubt about the agave gold rush. But thankfully, alongside celebrity-branded Tequilas, there are even more authentic, craft options coming out of Mexico.
Small Producers Are Pushing Agave Ahead
If celebrity-backed brands aren’t your thing, the agave category still has you covered. Numerous small, craft distilleries throughout Mexico produce Mezcal and Tequila using traditional techniques. These smaller operations create wonderfully flavorful spirits to provide an authentic representation of what Mezcal can be.
Founded in 2013, El Silencio has been in the Mezcal game since before it was cool. Today, they create flavorful, small-batch Tequila in Oaxaca, Mexico. The company has strict attention to detail and creates Mezcals that are full-bodied, flavorful, and representative of the place they are from.
Elsewhere in Oaxaca, distiller Bozal creates a varied range of Mezcals. The company produces Mezcals that are “wildly refined,” using natural agave with traditional distillation methods. This results in a line of agave-based spirits that are full-flavored and nuanced. Bozal eschews the mentality of producing a single, crowd-pleasing expression. Instead, they offer a whole lineup of Mezcals, each having its own unique, signature flavor profile.
"Sip it, Don’t Shoot It” is the slogan for craft Mezcal producer Del Maguey. The brand offers "single village" Mezcals. This means that each expression is developed with the agave of its own village. They proudly highlight each of the villages they source from. This type of production is a ‘win’ on many levels. The brand supports small farmers while offering high-quality expressions. Additionally, Del Maguey has a strong, admirable mission for crafting its products in a sustainable, responsible way.
The Future of Agave Spirits
With demand like this, there’s no doubt that agave spirits will continue to be a growing category. Each year, new high-quality offerings are hitting shelves all across the United States. The possibilities are endless for savvy mixologists, bartenders, and restaurateurs. Between the industry’s knack for creativity and the consumer's ever-increasing demand for all things agave — we think the best is yet to come.